Traffic calming is a method of slowing or reducing motor vehicle traffic on a roadway using temporary or permanent infrastructure like speed humps, speed tables, or roundabouts.
Traffic calming measures are often implemented to achieve one of three things:
- Enhanced safety and comfort for pedestrians, cyclists, drivers and residents
- Reduced conflict between cyclists, motorists and pedestrians
- Increased priority for cyclists, using a distinctive look to alert both cyclists and motorists that the roadway is a priority route for bikes
Traffic calming measures can create a quieter and more pleasant cycling and walking environment. Slower vehicle speeds improve safety by increasing reaction time and reducing the number of (and seriousness of) collisions. Traffic calming helps to create a better cycling facility while balancing the needs of all users.